About the scheme


Air Quality

Due to the project area being generally rural, air quality is not expected to be affected by the new road structure when the project is complete, although there may be a small improvement due to the removal of the junction and there therefore being no standing traffic.


The construction of the new road scheme requires some landscape clearance including the removal of a number of trees. The landscape design for this project allows for replanting with the aim of integrating the new road into the surrounding countryside and improving the visual impact for road users, local residents, users of public rights of way and foot/cycle paths in the scheme area. The landscape plan has also been designed to mitigate ecological impacts and maintain biodiversity. The majority of the proposed planting is native species, in keeping with the local landscape character and includes tree planting and hedgerow planting. Grass seeding includes species rich mixes and wildflower mixes.

More than 127,000 trees, shrubs and hedgerows will be planted by the end of the scheme comprising:

  • More than 1,000 trees in a mix of species including Maple, Black Alder, Silver Birch, Himalayan Birch, Cherry, Oak, Rowan and Lime.
  • More than 81,000 native hedgerow plants including Field Maple, Dogwood, Hazel, Hawthorn, Spindle, Holly, Blackthorn and Guelder Rose.
  • More than 13,000 woodland core plants including Maple, Black Alder, Silver Birch, Scots Pine, Cherry, Oak and Rowan.
  • More than 29,000 woodland edge plants including Dogwood, Hazel, Hawthorn, Holly, Spindle, Blackthorn, Dog-Rose, Grey Willow, Elder and Guelder Rose
Black Alder
Guelder Rose
Silver Birch


The A164 Project has engaged with ecological consultants from Pell Frischmann from the onset of design and incorporates a comprehensive range of ecology mitigation strategies, habitat enhancements and an overall biodiversity net gain. These have included avoiding impacts wherever possible such as re-routing small sections to avoid mature trees and creating construction buffer zones to avoid great crested newt ponds and hibernation habitats. Initiatives also include establishing log piles at multiple points along the project area using felled trees to offer shelter and foraging spots for various creatures such as invertebrates, birds, small mammals, and other wildlife. To ensure long term success of the ecological measures put in place, a professional Ecologist will oversee the site for five years after the project's completion to ensure continued monitoring.


In response to the temporary habitat loss during construction, we've installed a diverse array of bird nesting boxes throughout the project area. A total of 160 bird boxes have been set up, offering nesting opportunities for birds and safe roosting spots during the winter months for species such as Wrens and Goldcrests. They will be left in position until the newly planted vegetation, integral to the project landscape plan, reaches maturity in the coming years.


Many of the existing trees, woodlands, and hedgerows within the project are being retained, as well as new areas of planting, which will continue to function as pathways for bats and other nocturnal species as they move and search for food. To safeguard their ability to utilise these pathways, the lighting used in the project has been meticulously crafted to avoid illuminating foraging and communal areas such as woodlands and hedgerows. Specifically, lighting has been specified to ensure safety of road users whilst being considerate to the surroundings, reducing unnecessary spill and light pollution , ensuring that the natural behaviour of these species is undisturbed.

Bees and Butterflies

Within the landscape plan for the project, there's a provision for planting wildflowers and grasslands along the roadside. This addition aims to enrich the environment for pollinating insects like bumblebees and butterflies which are crucial to our ecosystem.

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